Finally i got back to my senses after wasting too much time. I thought of finishing whatever I’ve left incomplete, so I took up php to start with. First of all I needed to install Apache and php. I had no idea that just this would take one whole day, but still it was worth it……..
I use a Ubuntu 9.04(Jaunty Jackalope) Desktop Edition, I thought this collective info on Installing and configuring apache2 along with PHP and MySQL would help people spend lesser time on just installing it rather than using it.
Apache HTTP Server is a free software/open source web server for Unix-like systems.
#sudo apt-get install apache2
This will complete the installation of apache2 web server. To check whether your Apache server is running, just open your web browser and type “http://localhost“, you will get a default page which says “It works!“. Now you need to know where the configuration files and document root for your Apache web server.
By default all the configuration files are located at /etc/apache2
Editing the document root
Default document root for apache2 is /var/www. If you want to change the default document root you need to edit the /etc/apache2/sites-available/default file and look for this line “DocumentRoot /var/www/” here you can change where ever you want to change.For example if you want to change /home/wwww the above line looks like this “DocumentRoot /home/www/”.
The main configuration file located at /etc/apache2/apche2.conf. At this stage reading through all the ‘.conf‘ files inside the /etc/apache2/ directory will be a good option.
Installing php in Apache
If you want to add support of php and cgi scripts install the following packages libapache2-mod-php4,php4-cli,php4-common,php4-cgi
#sudo apt-get install libapache2-mod-php5 php5-cli php5-common php5-cgi
This will complete the installation of php support for apache2.
Restart your Apache server
#sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
To check whether your Apache server is parsing you php scripts just do this.
#sudo gedit /var/www/index.php
Enter the following script and save the file
<?php echo “Hello World!!“; ?>
Now go to your web browser and type “http://localhost/index.php“, you should be able to see a page which says “Hello World!!“.
Troubleshooting PHP 5
I got stuck at this point for a long time, my browser kept asking me if I wanted to download the php file instead of actually displaying it!!.
This will happen if Apache is not actually parsing the php after you restarted it, to resolve this just install libapache2-mod-php5.
#sudo apt-get install libapache2-mod-php5
It is installed when you install the php5 package, but may have been removed inadvertently by packages which need to run a different version of php.
You may also need to actually enable it, by doing
#sudo a2enmod php5
#sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
If sudo a2enmod php5 returns “$ This module does not exist!“, you should purge (not just remove) the libapache2-mod-php5 package and reinstall it.
Be sure to clear your browser’s cache before testing your site again.
The worker MPM provides a threaded implementation for Apache2. It is considerably faster than the traditional model,and is the recommended MPM.You can install this using the following command.
#apt-get install apache2-mpm-prefork
Installing MYSQL with PHP 5
#sudo apt-get install mysql-server libapache2-mod-auth-mysql php5-mysql
This will install MySQL. Once MySQL is installed it will ask you for a mysql-root password, note that it is just mysql-admin password and not your system’s root password.
Set mysql bind address
Before you can access the database from other computers in your network, you have to change its bind address. Note that this can be a security problem, because your database can be accessed by others computers than your own. Skip this step if the applications which require mysql are running on the same machine.
#sudo gedit /etc/mysql/my.cnf
and change the line:
bind-address = localhost
to your own internal ip address e.g. 188.8.131.52
bind-address = 184.108.40.206
If your ip address is dynamic you can also comment out the bind-address line and it will default to your current ip.
If you try to connect without changing the bind-address you will receive a “Can not connect to mysql error 10061“.
You might have to go through the MySQL commands from a proper reference to create a user and play with the database.
Once you are done with all this, to verify that Apache and mysql are running just nmap your own system and if you’ve done everything right you will see something like this.
Starting Nmap 4.76 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2009-11-30 13:00 IST
Warning: Hostname localhost resolves to 2 IPs. Using 127.0.0.1.
Interesting ports on localhost (127.0.0.1):
Not shown: 997 closed ports
PORT STATE SERVICE
80/tcp open http
631/tcp open ipp
3306/tcp open mysql
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.12 seconds
I got a lot of help from the Ubuntu forums, a special thanks to all the guys who ask questions and to the guys who answer those. 🙂